Effects of Dose Titration on Dipyridamole-Induced Headache: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial

Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of gradual dipyridamole titration and the incidence of dipyridamole-induced headache in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Methods: A randomized, double-blind, double-placebo, parallel group, phase 4 clinical trial (KCT0005457) was conducted between July 1, 2019, and February 25, 2020, at 15 medical centers in South Korea. The study included patients aged #x3e;19 years diagnosed with a noncardioembolic ischemic stroke or TIA within the previous 3 weeks. The participants were randomized 1:1:1 to receive Adinox® (aspirin 25 mg/dipyridamole 200 mg) and aspirin (100 mg) once daily for the first 2 weeks followed by Adinox® twice daily for 2 weeks (titration group), Adinox® twice daily for 4 weeks (standard group), and aspirin 100 mg once daily for 4 weeks (control group). The primary endpoint was incidence of headache over 4 weeks. The key secondary endpoint was mean cumulative headache. Results: Ninety-six patients were randomized into the titration (n = 31), standard (n = 32), and control (n = 33) groups. The titration and standard groups (74.1% vs. 74.2%, respectively) showed no difference in the primary endpoint. However, the mean cumulated headache was significantly lower in the titration group than in the standard group (0.31 ± 0.46 vs. 0.58 ± 0.51, p = 0.023). Further, adverse drug reactions were more common in the standard group than in the titration group (28.1% vs. 9.7%, respectively, p = 0.054), although not significantly different. Conclusion: The titration strategy was effective in lowering the incidence of cumulative dipyridamole-induced headache. Cerebrovasc Dis