Ischemic stroke mimics: A comprehensive review

Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of disability and one of the leading causes of death. Enourmous efforts have been recently made to improve the clinical outcome of stroke patients including testing up comprehensive stroke units and the introducting endovascular procedures [1]. The benefit of revascularisation procedures (both intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular procedures) is time-dependent, therefore shortening door-to-needle time is crucial in the emergency department [2]. Ischemic stroke is usually an exclusionary clinical diagnosis in the emergency room, usually supported by noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT), which is the first step in the evaluation of ischemic stroke patients due to its widespread availability and relatively short imaging time [3,4].