Microsurgical approaches to the pulvinar: A comparative analysis

Surgical access to deep-seated lesions presents a unique challenge due to the complex anatomy of vessels, crucial brain structures, and tridimensional neural relations. This is particularly important when surgical lesions, e.g., cavernomas and gliomas, are located within the thalamus. Nonetheless, access to the thalamus constitutes a formidable surgical challenge and requires judicious knowledge of the regional anatomy and significant surgical expertise.