Utility of multi-material three-dimensional print model in preoperative simulation for glioma surgery

Three-dimensional (3D) print models have been used for thirty years in the field of medicine [1,2]. Some studies have also reported the use of 3D printing technology in the field of neurosurgery, particularly in the surgery of brain aneurysm [3–6]; our study group also demonstrated the use of 3D printed aneurysmal model for “tailor-made” shaping of microcatheter for coil embolization [7]. However, few authors have described the use of 3D print models in glioma surgery [8–10].