119 NeuroToolkit CSF biomarkers track the progression of Alzheimers disease at very early stages

Introduction

NeuroToolkit is a set of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers developed to identify Alzheimer’s disease co-pathologies, identify and characterize disease progression and treatment response. We assess the association between NeuroToolkit biomarkers and cerebral amyloid deposition in the ALFA+ cohort [1].

Methods

326 cognitively unimpaired individuals from the ALFA+ cohort [1] underwent a lumbar puncture and amyloid [18F]flutemetamol PET imaging. Biomarkers in NeuroToolkit (Figure 1) were determined using prototype Roche Elecsys® assays. CSF pTau levels were measured using the Elecsys® CSF assay. We cal- culated cross-correlation values between NeuroToolkit biomarkers and Centiloids. Voxel-wise associations between NeuroToolkit biomarkers and [18F]flutemetamol images were sought, accounting for the effect of various demographics. Additional analyses were performed after correcting also for the Aα42/40 ratio or Centiloid values.

Results

Figure 1. Shows associations between NeuroToolkit biomarkers and Centiloids. NeuroToolkit bio- markers were significantly associated with cerebral amyloid deposition measured by [18F]flutemetamol PET (Figure 2). Correcting for global amyloid deposition, higher levels CSF YKL-40, an astroglial activity marker, were associated to increased cerebral amyloid deposition in the inferior and lateral temporal lobe, in parietal and orbitofrontal areas, and the caudate heads (Figure 3).

Conclusions

Results of NeuroToolkit biomarkers support early involvement of the astroglial response to cerebral amyloid deposition.

Disclosure

This study was conducted through a collaboration with Roche Diagnostics International. These data will be presented at Advances in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Therapies. Ref: Molinuevo. TRCI 2 (2016) 82–92

gwendlyn.kollmorgen@roche.com