Predicting Falls in Adults with Multiple Sclerosis using Patient-Reported Measures: Are Perceptions of Dual-Tasking Missing?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease whose clinical course is progressive and highly variable. The cognitive and motor deficits prominent with the disease significantly increase the risk of falls (Coote et al. 2020). Research indicates that 56% of individuals with MS experience a fall while 37% experience recurrent falls (Nilsagard et al. 2015). Of those who fall, 82.9% report near-falls over the past year (Fritz et al. 2018). The occurrence of falls negatively affects physical, social, and psychological aspects of daily life (Coote et al.